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About Namakkal

Namakkal is an urban center and a municipality in the district of Namakkal in the southern state of Tamil Nadu. Namakkal city is the administrative central office of the Namakkal district. Namakkal is an integral part of Kongu Nadu also known as Kongu Desam - an area comprising the western part of the state which was enormously sought after by both the Pandyas and the Pallavas. During late 18th and early 19th century (for a short period of time), the city of Namakkal was a division of Trichy district.
Namakkal City on TN Map

Subsequently, Namakkal was shifted back to Salem District till the Namakkal district was bifurcated on 25-07-1996. Namakkal is a celestial city, which receives visitors from all over the world for its historic temples. The name Namakkal reminds of Namakkal Hanuman to Tamilians as the city is the home of the world renowned Sri Anjaneya Temple. Let's get to know more about the city of Namakkal in detail.

Did you know?
Namakkal is the first ISO 14001-2004 certified municipality in all of Asia for environmental management, principally the planning and maintenance of  solid waste and sewage management, water system, urban planning, lighting and other utility and public services.

History of Namakkal

Namakkal City
The history of Namakkal town dates back to the 7th century, at the least. Namakkal is an integral part of Kongu Nadu (also known as Kongu Desam), an area representing the westerly parts of the southern state of Tamil Nadu. It is very interesting to mention that the historic town of Namakkal was once sought after by both Pandyas and the Pallavas. The town was governed by the Gunaseela (Atiakula King). The subsequent years in the history of Namakkal witnessed the town being invaded by the Cholas.

Did you know?
The name of the town 'Namakkal' comes from the word 'Namagiri', which is the term used to refer the massive 65 meters high rock located at the heart of the town.

The famous Hoysala Empire (a notable Southern Indian Kannadiga power) came to power, following the battle between the Cholas, Cheras and Pandiyas (the three great Tamil dynasties). The Hoysala Empire governed the region until the 14th century. Namakkal was under the control of the Vijayanagar Kings until 1565 BC. Later, Namakkal came under the power of the illustrious Madurai Nayakas in 1623 BC. After 1625 BC, the region came under the control of the Sultanate of Bijapur, Mysore kings and the Marathas.
Fort of Namakkal

When Hyder Ali Khan (the Grand Turk and ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore) came to power, the history witnessed an eminent conflict for power between Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan (the Tiger of Mysore), with British people. The Namakkal fort located on the massive rock (65 meters high and more than a kilometer in perimeter) located at the heart of the town was established by Ramachandra Nayakar, a ruler who governed the region during the 16th century.

During the year 1996, Namakkal district was separated from the Salem District with Namakkal town as the central office. Namakkal district commenced to operate independently from 01-01-1997.

Geography and Demography of Namakkal

Namakkal Hanuman Temple
The geographic coordinates of Namakkal is 11.23°N 78.17°E. The town has a mean altitude of 715 ft (218 m) above sea level. The temple town is close to the famous Kolli malai - a part of the Eastern Ghats. Namakkal is bordered by Attur (Salem district), Tiruchirappalli and Perambalur in the east, Erode, Thiruchengodu and Velur in the west, Rasipuram and Salem district in the north and Karur district in the sorth.

Climatic Conditions of Namakkal

Climate: Tropical
Average Annual Temperature: 28.3 °C
Average Annual Rainfall: 764 mm
Driest Month: March
Warmest Month: May (31.3 °C)
Wettest Month: October (avg. of 184 mm rainfall)

Demographic Information of Namakkal

Total Population: 55,145 (Census 2011)
Sex Ratio: 1,015 females for every 1,000 males
Population under Age of Six: 5,002
Scheduled Castes: 13.7% of Total Population
Scheduled Tribes: 0.5% of Total Population
Number of Households: 15,008

Economy of Namakkal

The primary occupation of the population of Namakkal include agribusiness, poultry farms, transport related business sector, especially truck body building, assembling of RIG units, real estate line of work, textile weaving and so on.


Tapioca in Namakkal

Agriculture and related business play a crucial role in the economic system of the Namakkal town. A wide range of crops are cultivated in the town and some of the major crops of Namakkal include tapioca, paddy, cumbu (pearl millet), maize, horsegra, castor, sugarcane, ragi, black gram, sesame, cotton, coconut, groundnut, jowar, red gram, samai varagu, green gram, kuthiravali, thinai, panivaragu and so on. Succeeding Salem district, a major share of tapioca cultivated in Tamil Nadu is from Namakkal. More than 300 sago (javvarisi in Tamil and sabudhana in Hindi) manufacturing facilities are found across the length and breadth of Namakkal.

Poultry Farms

Namakkal Poultry Farms
Namakkal is India's 2nd largest egg producing area, producing 30 million eggs on a daily basis. Furthermore, the town is the home of more than 350 poultry farms (as of 2012) functioning, producing and supplying eggs. With a massive egg producing industry, Namakkal also houses about 1500 poultry or cattle feed manufacturing facilities. Generally, every poultry farm in Namakkal has their own poultry or cattle feed manufacturing facility. Many poultry farms also buy poultry feed from other poultry or cattle feed manufacturing facilities as well.

Official Data from Namakkal Animal Husbandry Department (1.4.2011 to 31.3.2012):

Number of Poultry Farms in Namakkal: 369
Number of Birds: 23876875
Total Number of Eggs Produced Per Day: 13468865
Number of People Involved: 10689
Number of Veterinary Institutions: 07

Lorry/Truck Body Building

Namakkal Lorry/Truck Body Building

Namakkal is illustrious for its lorry/truck body building industries. It all started during the year 1956 that today Namakkal is known for countless industries involved in bodybuilding for lorry/truck, tanker, trailer and rig unit. Namakkal has several customers from all parts of the country for its quality. Body assembled lorries and rig units are being exported to various countries across the globe from Namakkal. More or less 25,000 people are directly and indirectly involved in the lorry body building industry and more than 300 facilities are actively engaged in this business.

Tourism in Namakkal

Namakkal Temple

The major attraction of the Namakkal town is the famous Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy Temple dedicated to Lord Narasimhar - an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.  Sri Narasimha Swamy is in the cave temple along with a lot of awe-inspiring sculptures. The goddess of this Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy Temple is called as Sri Namagiri Thayar or Namagiri Amman (a form of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi).

The Garbha griha (sanctum sanctorum) and ardha mandapam are located in the cave. The primary deity of Sri Narasimha swamy is sitting inside the cave temple of a Saligrama hill in Veerasana posture facing west direction. The primary deity is seen having for hands. Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy Temple is one of the unique temples in the state with the specialty of being a 'Thirumurthy Sthalam', where Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma and Vishnu dwells in the same site and located in the same Rathna Simhasanam (golden chair).

The Namakkal Sri Narasimhar temple is one of the finest examples of the architectural marvels of Pallava’s Kingdom. The notable Namakkal Anjeneyar sannidhi is located just opposite to the Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy Sannathi.

Quick Facts:

Primary Deity (Moolavar): Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy
Goddess (Thayar/Amman): Naama Giri Thayar

Location and Contact Details:
Arulmigu narasimha Swamy Temple, Namakkal - 637001
Phone Number: 04286 - 233999

Timings of Arulmigu Narasimha Swamy Sannathi & Arulmigu Thaayar Sannathi
Morning 7:00 AM to 1:00 PM
Evening 4:30 PM to 8:00 PM

Timings of Arulmigu Anjaneyar Sannathi
Morning 6:30 AM to 1:00 PM
Evening 4:30 PM to 9:00 PM

Important Festivals:
Vaikasi Narasimha Jayanthi
Panguni Brahmotsavam
Aavani Krishna Jayanthi
Aadi Pooram - Thaayar Utsavam
Pournami Pavitrotsavam
Puratasi Saturdays

Some of the other popular attractions of Namakkal include:
  • Namakkal Rockfort
  • Ranganatha Temple
  • Kolli Malai
  • Koolippatti Murugan Temple

Namakkal City - Quick Facts

Geographic Coordinates: 11°14'N 78°10'E
Elevation: 218 m
District: Namakkal District
State: Tamil Nadu
Administration: Selection Grade Municipality
Languages: Tamil and English
Postal Code: 637 001
Telephone Code: 04286
Best Time to Visit: November to January
Nearest Airport: Tiruchirappalli International Airport (IATA: TRZ, ICAO: VOTR)
Nearest Railway Station: Salem Railway Station

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